All shares of ownership of the debtor at the time of bankruptcy. The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor`s assets. In addition, people who do business with English-speaking companies around the world and even in their own country should be familiar with legal English for contracts. FluentU is the best tool for listening to legal English (and many other types of English) in both real and native contexts. Once you have a general understanding of some of the most common and useful English legal words and phrases, use these resources to put your knowledge into practice. Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to submit its claim to a debtor`s future wages. In other words, the creditor requests that part of the debtor`s future salary be paid to him for a debt owed to him. Learning English legal vocabulary can make your job much easier, relieve important paperwork, and even expand your international career opportunities. In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee that an accused receives a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of a person who is confronted with an adverse act that threatens liberty or property. This is a multiple-choice test, so be sure to check the following words and phrases before attempting to complete the test. Detaining someone who has done something illegal.
To practice legal English, which is specifically related to crime and the courtroom, this exercise will give you some good exercises. A lawyer or professional litigating in court on behalf of the accused. A negotiated or legal agreement between two or more groups of people. Hopefully, you won`t find yourself on the wrong side of the law in an English-speaking country, but if you do, it would also be helpful to know a bit of English legal vocabulary. Even for something as simple as a speeding ticket, legal English can be crucial in understanding your responsibilities and consequences. The book focuses on legal concepts, legal practice, and law in general. The book includes listening and speaking activities, as well as exercises to help you practice what you know. An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. Taking legal action against someone to obtain compensation or payment of damages or misconduct. In this article, you will learn more than 60 of the most important English legal vocabularies for courts and crimes, property law and contracts. The study of the law and the structure of the legal system in relation to civil actions in “equity” and not in “law”.
In English legal history, courts of “law” could order the payment of damages and could offer no other remedy (see damages). A separate “fairness” tribunal could order someone to do something or stop something (e.g., injunction). In U.S. jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is always important. For example, a jury trial is generally available in “legal cases,” but not in “fairness” cases. A court decision in a previous case with facts and points of law similar to a dispute currently pending in court. Judges generally “follow precedents,” that is, they use principles established in previous cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was ill-decided or that it differs significantly from the current case.
Legal English can also be useful for simply living or working abroad. Navigating life in an English-speaking country can be difficult. If you learn legal language, you`ll be much better equipped to handle contracts, immigration documents, buying or renting real estate, and more. For example, you hear a lot of legal terminology in this report about the former Uber CEO being sued, or in this lighthearted video about America`s craziest laws. You can check out the full library of all learning features for free with a trial of FluentU. Illegal behavior that is not considered extremely serious. As a rule, a fine is imposed on the culprit. You will need to use your knowledge of legal English to fill in the missing words and complete the sentences. A legal agreement from the bank that lends you money to buy a house. A full-time lawyer hired by federal courts to legally defend defendants who cannot afford a lawyer. The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Counsel Programme in accordance with criminal law. Of course, if you plan to study law or work abroad, or if you intend to practice international law, it is very important to know legal English.
They will need it in meetings, hearings and in the courtroom. This book focuses on American Legal English. It is written specifically for non-native speakers to help them understand and use legal English. Written statements submitted to the court outlining a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case. Instructions from a judge to the jury before it begins deliberations on the substantive questions to be answered and the legislation to be applied. The right as set out in previous court decisions. Synonymous with precedent. Similar to the common law, which stems from tradition and judicial decisions.
The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to rule on cases. The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. Common law principles can be changed by statute. Here are some of the most common and useful English legal words and phrases you should know! A legal procedure to deal with the debt problems of individuals and companies; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code. A written statement filed in court or an appeal that explains a party`s legal and factual arguments. It is difficult to escape the legal language (legal language) in business and in life. This resource is perfect for testing your legal English skills.
The test focuses on business legal language and also gives you the opportunity to practice your grammar. Governmental body empowered to settle disputes. Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court read the pleadings.” The person who makes the final decision in a court case. These words and phrases are a great start to improving and building your English legal vocabulary! Take the time to familiarize yourself with these words and practice them, and you will feel more comfortable speaking English and German. An order given under the authority of a court to a witness to appear and testify. A bailiff practicing in the judicial districts of Alabama and North Carolina who, like the United States Trustee, is responsible for supervising the administration of bankruptcy cases, estates and trustees; monitoring plans and disclosure statements; supervision of creditor committees; charge a monitoring fee; and the performance of other legal obligations. Non-payment of a loan or mortgage. Often used in the past tense. Lists submitted by the debtor with the application (or shortly thereafter) containing the debtor`s assets, liabilities and other financial information.
(There are formal forms that a debtor must use.) The parties to a dispute settle their dispute without judicial proceedings. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party to satisfy at least part of the other party`s claims, but generally do not include an admission of fault. The sale of a debtor`s assets with the proceeds used for the benefit of creditors. A term used to describe evidence that can be considered by a jury or judge in civil and criminal cases. A doctrine that evidence obtained in violation of the constitutional or legal rights of a criminal accused is not admissible in court. The political decision-making body of the federal judicial system. A panel of 27 judges chaired by the Chief Justice of the United States. A group of citizens in criminal proceedings who decide whether or not a person is guilty of the crime of which he or she is accused. A proceeding brought by a single party before the court, without the other party having notified or contested it. Approval of a restructuring plan by an insolvency judge. A written record of the proceedings in a case, including all pleadings, evidence and evidence presented during the proceedings. It is often used in the passive voice to describe the condition of someone who is or has been charged.
Carrying or holding someone against their will in one place.